Not only as the capital city of Indonesia, but also the center of business and government, Jakarta continues to build the construction to support the economic growth. In the field of public transportation, Jakarta is trying to overcome traffic jams with any concrete solutions, one of them is ‘three-in-one’ regulation, but they are not effectives. Traffic jams became common situations in Jakarta, especially when it rained. Indeed, Jakarta will have stagnant traffic jams by 2015. Traffic jams are the most difficult problems to overcome because they are related to various aspects of Jakarta’s citizens, such as politics, economics, demography, culture and human resources.
There are many reasons of traffic jams in Jakarta. Mainly, is due to an increasing of the private vehicles, both motorcycles and cars. Other factors being considered to overcome them include:
1. Unsafe and uncomfortable mass public transportations.
2. Lack of facilities and infrastructures for pedestrians such as crossing bridges and sidewalks.
3. Disobedient of street vendors.
4. Inadequate system of transportation infrastructure.
5. Lack of road users’ self-discipline.
Traffic jams impact on social loss suffered by communities as results of wasting times and vehicles operating cost, especially fuels. It does not include psychological stress, declining productivity and air pollutions.
To overcome traffic jams, provincial governments of Jakarta shall create comprehensive and systematic policies, which include:
1. Restricting the sale of private vehicles.
2. Rising taxes on private vehicles and applying progressive taxes for the owners who have private
vehicles more than one.
3. Rising the parking cost on the commercial buildings, such as malls and major roads.
4. Building the modern highway infrastructures.
5. Designing affordable, safe, comfort and efficient mass transportation services.
6. Improving road users’ discipline and driving feasibility.
Hopefully, in the future provincial governments of Jakarta is more committed to implement policies related to transportations so that Jakarta’s citizen can mobile more comfortably and safely.